I’ve always been intrigued by the Pyramids. It’s a dream of mine to one day visit them.
I know they were man-made but it’s honestly hard to really come to appreciate how difficult it must have been to move such heavy stone bricks to construct these perfect structures.
Sadly there weren’t any cameras around during the construction of the three pyramids of Giza, built for the Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. Scientists are still trying to get the full picture when it comes to the manufacturing of these pyramids but it seems the most recent theory is that they may have been moved by using a water shaft system.
The pyramid building started in the third dynasty of pharaohs, when the Old Kingdom began, this was around 2630 B.C.
King Djoser asked an architect to design a funerary monument for him. This monument resulted in the world’s first major stone building. This was the Step-Pyramid at Saqqara, near Memphis. Pyramid-building reached its peak with the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. This great pyramid was built for Khufu, who ruled from 2589 to 2566 B.C.
Later the pyramid was renamed by historians as one of the world’s Seven Wonders. ((On an interesting side note the seventh legendary wonder “Hanging Gardens of Babylon” was recently uncovered as the “Hanging Gardens of Nineveh” which were discovered by recent bombing and crisis in the Iraq area of Mosul.))
The pyramid of Khafre was slightly smaller than the Khufu pyramid but was on higher ground. Scholars believe that the Sphinx monument was built by Khafre and resembled his face.
Menkaure was the third pharaoh to build a pyramid at Giza and he opted for a smaller pyramid that stood 215 feet high.
FACT: The Great Pyramid of Giza points very precisely to the north.
Egypt enjoyed a golden age of peace during the third to fourth dynasties. The pharaohs were in absolute power and they had created a stable government.
However, during the fifth to sixth dynasties the King’s wealth depleted. It is believed this depletion was caused by the massive expenses had by pyramid-building. Makes me wonder if they were paid hourly, can’t say I’d be quick to sign up for such heavy labour.
King Pepy ll, of the sixth dynasty, ruled for 94 years. His death caused the Old Kingdom great chaos and change.
by Jessie Moore
All images are under copyright © RAYAN POISSONNERIE